Human Trafficking

Human trafficking, per the United Nations, is:

  • "the recruitment, transportation, transfer, harboring or receipt of persons, by means of the threat or use of force or other forms of coercion, of abduction, of fraud, of deception, of the abuse of power or of a position of vulnerability or of the giving or receiving of payments or benefits to achieve the consent of a person having control over another person, for the purpose of exploitation."
  • "Exploitation shall include, at a minimum, the exploitation of the prostitution of others or other forms of sexual exploitation, forced labor or services, slavery or practices similar to slavery, servitude or the removal of organs."


  • Presently, UNICEF estimates that approximately 1.2 million children are trafficked yearly, with as many as 2 million sexually exploited worldwide.
  • According to ECPAT-USA, about 25% of sex tourists abusing children outside the United States are American and Canadian. (*End Child Prostitution and Trafficking – proponents of The Code of Conduct for Hotels/Travel Industry.)
  • According to the U.S. Department of Justice in 2013, an estimated 14,500 to 17,500 foreign nationals are trafficked into the U.S. each year.
  • The U.S. State Department estimates of the size of the trafficked population worldwide at 27 million.
  • In 2012, 85% of sex trafficking and 60% of labor trafficking cases involved women or girls. 

Legal Background & Resources

Utah has enacted state laws criminalizing human trafficking and/or addressing the direct results of actions on behalf of vulnerable persons. For a list of current state laws related to trafficking, see the Polaris website.

To Report a Potential Trafficking Situation

Please call the National Human Trafficking Resource Center (NHTRC) Hotline at 1-888-373-7888

  • The call is toll free and the hotline is open 24 hours, 7 days a week.
  • Call specialists are available to take your tips and offer referrals to local service providers, as well as provide comprehensive anti-trafficking resources and information.
  • All calls are confidential; interpreters are available.

To report a situation electronically email: .